Mixture of fragrances is known as perfume. Essential oil, aroma compounds, fixative and solvent are the components of perfumes. It is characterized to give a pleasant scent to human body, animals, living space, food and objects. Consumption or usage of such products is noted to start in early human civilization. Modern perfumery began in the late 19th century. The custom of application of pure perfume started in Western culture and is consider being effective at pulse points, such as behind the ears, on the neck, and inside of wrists, elbows and knees. It is said to be done in this way because the pulse point warms the perfume and result in release of fragrance continuously.
Every individual in today’s generation wants to look and smell good. Renowned designer brands such as Calvin Klein, Armani, Paco Rabanne, Polo Hugo Boss, D&G and Bvlgari are ruling the top of the table. Smell of sweat from a body can harm individual’s reputation and will result in lack of confidence to come forward in front of the masses. Perfumes and fragrances help an individual to fight back from all the harmful and affecting things, which results in sweating. The demands for aromatic materials such as sandalwood, agar-wood, and musk are high and thus, it leads to the endangerment of this specie. Synthetic musk’s are pleasant in smell and relatively inexpensive, as they cover the unpleasant scent of laundry detergents and many personal cleaning products.
Fragrances present in perfumes degrade or break, if it is improperly stored or it comes in contact of sun light, heat and oxygen. The best way to preserve a perfume is to keep it in light-tight aluminum bottles. Perfume ingredients in spite of being natural and synthetic can cause many health and environmental problems, such as asthma, allergy, carcinogenicity, pollution, species endangerment, etc.
The purpose of using fine perfumes or fragrance compositions on industrial level is to affect customers through their sense of smell and provoke them to purchase the perfume or perfumed products. Perfume oils usually contain ten to hundreds of ingredients and these are specifically organized in a perfume for playing specific roles.
- Primary scents: Can consist of one or a few main ingredients for a certain concept, such as “Rose”.
- Modifiers: These ingredients alter the primary scent to give the perfume a certain desired character, for instance, fruit ester may be included in it to give fruity
- Blenders: It is a large group of ingredients that smooth out the transitions of a perfume between different layers or bases. They themselves can be used as a major component of the primary scent.
- Fixatives: fixatives are used to support the primary scents by strengthening it. Many resins, wood scents, and amber bases are used as fixatives.
If an individual is in doubt, he or she should follow their nose. The main difference is in the strength of fragrance oils. The highest concentration is in eau de perfume, then eau de toilette. The higher the strength, the longer one application of the fragrance lasts.