Does your baby cry all the time? It could be a colic!
Colic in baby is an uncontrollable crying. Colicky pain in your baby is considered if he/she is below five years of age. If a baby cries for more than three hours for three or more days, it is considered colic. Usually, it is not a disease and it will not cause any long-term harm to your baby, but it is difficult for babies to have it.
Baby colic is a great mystery. Experts estimate that nearly 40 percent of babies become colicky. Many cases of colic are idiopathic. It is difficult to elicit the exact cause. Babies who are born to pregnant women who smoke or drink are at higher risk of getting colic; however, the risk is reduced if the baby is breastfed.
Colic can also be caused by imbalance of healthy gut bacteria. It is found that babies with colic have different gut flora than babies without colic. Treatment with probiotics can help ease the symptoms in some infants. In some cases, food allergies may increase the risk of colic. Lactose intolerance or allergic to milk protein can be the cause.
Symptoms of baby colic
Colic is mostly seen in a baby who is two to three weeks old. Usually, babies cry when they are hungry, tired, wet and frightened, but babies with colic cry incessantly. They cry at the same time each day. The cry is more loud and high pitched than normal crying. The colic attack starts and ends abruptly. You may notice gassy tummy, clenched fingers, facial flushing and arched back. The symptoms are ameliorated when a baby passes gas or after defecation.
Colic often tends to peak around six weeks and then alleviates between three and four months. Nearly, 90 percent of babies overcome colic by the age of four months.
Taking care of a baby with colic is very stressful. It is important that you talk to your doctor if your baby cries incessantly. This will help detect any potential causes such as intestinal infection, urinary tract infection, etc.
Many people recommend gripe water to soothe baby colic. Gripe water (mylicon/simethicone) drops are available over the counter. However, the effectiveness is not yet proven.