Dandruff is a very common scalp condition characterized by the flaking of the scalp skin. It is not a serious or contagious disease, but it is embarrassing and quite difficult to treat. Dandruff can be controlled with proper hair care, regular shampooing and gentle cleansing. Advanced cases of dandruff need medicated shampoos and hair products.
Dandruff is easy to spot. Oil-like, white flakes that you find on your head and shoulders are a sign of dandruff. You notice scaly scalp which is associated with itching. Dandruff aggravates during winter, probably due to excessive dryness of the scalp.
Seborrhoeic Dermatitis – Inflammation of scalp skin
Yeast infection – A yeast-like fungus called malassezia on the scalp can cause dandruff
Dry skin – Flakes from dryness of skin
Hair care products – Sensitivity to hair care products such as hair dyes, shampoos can cause redness, itching and scaling
Not shampooing regularly – If you do not wash your hair on a regular basis, dead skin cells and oil can build-up, causing dandruff
Certain medical issues – Immune compromised patients like HIV are susceptible to dandruff
It is difficult to cure dandruff, but can be controlled. It takes times to get rid of dandruff. Generally, daily scalp cleansing and shampooing reduce oiliness and remove dead skin cells, which can help treat dandruff. Shampoos that contain pyrithione zinc, salicylic acid, selenium sulphide or coal tar are quite beneficial in controlling dandruff and treating any scalp issues. Ketoconazole (antifungal) shampoo is found to be effective in treating scalp infection and dandruff.
If you experience burning, itching and redness of scalp after using any shampoo, immediately visit your GP. Follow all the directions carefully before using any medicated shampoo. Proper hair care regimen can help you overcome dandruff in long run.
At PharmacyOutlet, you can acquire a wide range of medicated and non-medicated shampoos that help treat dandruff. But make sure you talk to your GP in advance.