Gingivitis is a common ailment characterised by the inflammation of the gums. The inflammation is caused due to bacterial infestation. Untreated gingivitis can lead to serious infection called periodontitis, which is one of the causes of tooth loss in adults.
Food particles can trap into your gums, causing plaque formation and infection or gingivitis. Formation of plaque, a thin layer of bacteria, on the surface of the teeth can develop an infection. As the plaque formation is more, it becomes hard and tartar. If the infections progresses, you may lose your teeth.
- Poor dental hygiene
- Smoking or chewing tobacco
- Crooked teeth
- Ill-fitted dental appliances
- Consuming certain medicines
- Genetic predisposition
- Immuno-compromised patients (HIV)
Signs and Symptoms
In initial stages, people are asymptomatic. As the infection spreads, following signs and symptoms are experienced –
- Red, tender and swollen gums
- Bleeding gums
- Loose teeth
- Sensitive teeth
- Pain while chewing
- Halitosis (bad breath)
To treat gingivitis, you must follow proper oral hygiene regimen. You should quit smoking and keep your blood sugar level within normal limits if you are diabetic. Other ways to treat gingivitis include proper cleansing of teeth and antibiotics medicines. Severe case many need surgical intervention.
- Cleansing teeth – Deep cleansing is required to remove plaque and tarter
- Scaling – It helps remove tartar from the gum line
- Laser – Laser helps remove tarter without causing much pain and scaling
- Antibiotic Mouthwash – It can help clear infection in the mouth
- Oral Antibiotics – Drugs like Doxycycline helps subside bacterial infection; they also help prevent tooth damage
- Surgery – In advanced cases, plaque is removed by flap surgery
You can prevent gingivitis by following proper oral hygiene. Brush your teeth at least twice daily with fluoride-based toothpaste and floss at least once daily. In addition, you should eat healthy and visit your dentist regularly.
At PharmacyOutlet, you can browse through a wide range of medical products that are used in treating gingivitis. Before using any medicine, make sure you talk to a GP.