Warts are small cauliflower-like growths that are often seen on the skin of the face, neck, hands and feet. They may appear and develop solely or in clusters. Some of them are likely to develop on particular areas. For instance, verrucas are a type of warts that develop on the soles of the feet. Many people have warts. They are benign or non-cancerous, but their structure resembles certain cancers.
Verrucas and warts are viral skin infections. They are caused by human papilloma virus (HPV). HPV produces and develops excess amount of keratin (a hard protein) in the epidermis, the top layer of the skin. That extra kertain is what produces the hard texture of a wart.
Warts are usually painless, but few types like verrucas are painful. Sometimes they even itch and bleed. Common warts have typical appearance, shape and size. They may be –
- Oval or round
- Firm and raised
- Irregular and rough surface resembling a cauliflower
- Develop on face, back of neck, fingers and knees
On the other hand, verrucas develop on the soles of the feet with characteristics of painful white or black dot in the centre, flat and raised eruption.
Warts are not so contiguous, but they can spread through close skin-to-skin contact. You are more susceptible if your skin is damaged or wet. After infection, it takes around weeks or months to develop a wart or verruca. If you notice warts or verrucas with bleeding and change in appearance, then immediately visit your GP.
Warts are harmless and go away without any specific treatment. It may take up to a year or two for the virus to leave your system and warts to fade away. However, painful warts and verrucas causing discomfort need treatment that includes:
- Salicylic Acid
- Chemical treatments
- Duct Tape
Verrucas and Warts treatment is not always effective, as they often recur after treatment. Surgical intervention is not recommended for these skin issues.