Things To Know About Eczema

Eczema, also known as dermatitis, is a common skin condition. It affects nearly one in every five people. It can be caused by different factors and has different patterns. Acute dermatitis is characterized by the rapidly evolving skin eruptions that are red, swollen and blistered. In chronic dermatitis, the inflamed skin is thickened with much scratching.

Certain type of eczema

  • Atopic eczema – commonly seen in children with familial history of dermatitis or asthma
  • Contact dermatitis – It is further classified into irritant and allergic dermatitis
  • Dry eczema – Seen on the skin of extremities
  • Seborrhoeic dermatitis – Seen on scalp and face
  • Infective eczema – Caused by bacteria or viral infestation
  • Nummular eczema

Eczema Treatment

The aim is to identify and prevent the triggering factor. For instance, people with contact dermatitis can get relief by avoiding the thing(s) that comes in contact with the skin. Treatment of eczema includes –

  • Bathing – Use a mild soap while bathing and rinse with lukewarm water
  • Proper clothing – Use cotton clothes; avoid woollen clothes
  • Protection – Protect your skin from external influences like solvents, detergents, dust, smoke and other irritant
  • Emollients – Use topical emollient that nourishes your skin, ask your dermatologist or doctor for best emollients
  • Antibiotics – Topical antibiotics are prescribed for infective dermatitis, such as erythromycin
  • Anti-inflammatory creams – They are effective against atopic dermatitis
  • Topical steroids – A 5 or 15 days of course of topical steroids helps relieve eczema
  • Others – Antiviral medicines, antihistamines, systemic steroids and phototherapy

Chronic dermatitis needs long-term management and proper care. You need to cleanse with lotion and apply moisturiser daily to prevent dryness and itching. You may need to use steroidal ointments or cream. If the symptoms do not subside even after two weeks of treatment, make sure you see your doctor for further medical management.

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