Indigestion is a common digestive ailment that is associated with other symptoms in your stomach or abdomen. It is usually caused by the inflammation or irritation of the mucus membranes of the stomach, which is chiefly due to excessive secretion of acid. If acid secretion is more, it travels to the oesophagus and upper stomach to produce an inflammation, causing indigestion symptoms.
Indigestion is characterised by the symptoms of –
- Heartburn – Burning sensation in the chest region
- Nausea or vomiting
- Regurgitation of food/fluids
- Abdominal fullness
- Bloating of stomach
- Gastro-oesophageal reflux disease (GORD)
- Erosive oesophagitis
- Gastric ulcers or duodenal ulcers
- Helicobacter Pylori infection
- Hiatus hernia
- Stomach or oesophageal cancer
Certain medicinal drugs are known to cause indigestion. Drugs causing indigestion are painkillers (aspirin and anti-inflammatory drugs), antibiotics, corticosteroids, digoxin, biphosphonates and iron supplements. If you experience indigestion symptoms after taking any of the aforementioned drugs, immediately consult a GP.
Most of the people get relief simply by making changes in their diet. Eating fresh fruits and vegetables, and drinking plenty of water suffice the condition. However, in case of chronic and severe indigestion caused by peptic ulcers, gastritis and cancer, it is essential to see doctor. One may need a test called endoscopy to reveal the exact cause of indigestion.
Indigestion is often treated with antacids that suppress the secretion of stomach acid. Other effective ways to manage the symptoms are – quitting smoking, limiting alcohol, losing weight, avoiding tight clothing and reducing stress.
PharmacyOutlet deals with a broad range of medicines that are useful in treating indigestion. Excessive use of antacids can increase the risk of digestive problems, so make sure you consult your doctor before using any acid reducer medicine. Many antacids are available over-the-counter.