An Overview Of Period Pain

Period pain, medically termed as dysmenorrhoea or menstrual cramps, is quite common and many women experience it during menstrual cycle. Every woman experiences period pain at some point of life. Painful cramps may occur before or during menstrual period. Pain is often felt in the lower abdomen and/or back, which can be mild to moderate to severe.

Signs and symptoms

  • Aching pain in abdomen
  • Backache
  • Hip pain
  • Thigh pain

In severe cases of period pain, women may experience nausea with vomiting and generalised weakness.


Period pain is caused by the contractions of muscles present in the uterus. This usually happens on the commencement of menstrual cycle. The pressure is created on the nearby blood vessels during strong contractions of muscles. This cuts the blood and oxygen supply, releasing certain chemicals (prostaglandins) that cause pain and discomfort in pelvic region. Prostaglandins are responsible for inflammation.

Your GP may conduct pelvic examination to diagnose any underlying gynaecological conditions that cause period pain. You may require certain blood tests and ultrasound to detect any abnormalities.


Many cases of period pain are mild and treatable at home. Over-the-counter painkillers like Aspirin and Ibuprofen are useful in managing the pain. However, there are certain limitations on using pain relief medicines. For instance, they are not advisable if you are having asthma, liver ailments and kidney diseases. If OTC painkillers fail to eradicate your pain, your GP may suggest stronger medicines like codeine or naproxen.

Other ways to prevent and treat period pain are warm water bath, application of heat pads and relaxation techniques. Eating right, exercising and quitting smoking helps in preventing period pain. Treating an underlying medical condition also helps in averting menstrual cramps.

At PharmacyOutlet, you can browse through a wide range of medicines that are useful in treating period pain. It is essential to use OTC painkillers or any medicine after seeking proper medical advice.


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