Allergy is a common condition characterized by the symptoms of skin rashes, itchy eyes, runny nose, blocked nose and sneezing. Seasonal allergies like allergic rhinitis (hay fever) result from pollen, mould, weed or grass. Other triggering factors are pet dander, airborne viruses and certain foods like milk or peanut.
Allergy is a hypersensitive reaction between an oversensitive immune system and foreign substances like pollen, pollutants, animal dander, etc. A person with weak immune system, children and elders are the common victims of allergy. Allergic rhinitis and urticaria are common types of allergies experienced by many people.
During an allergic reaction, the body releases a chemical known as histamine, which is responsible for producing inflammation, thereby causing allergic symptoms. However, in few cases, the mechanism could be different.
Common signs and symptoms
- Frequent sneezing
- Itchy and runny nose
- Nasal congestion
- Watery eyes
- Itchy eyes
- Skin rashes (hives)
Your doctor is the right person to prescribe you specific medicines to treat allergy. You can use over-the-counter (OTC) oral antihistamine medicines that stop the production of histamine in order to overcome allergy. Other medicines used for treating allergy are leukotriene inhibitors, mast-cell stabilisers or steroids. Allergic nasal congestion is also relieved by using decongestant nasal sprays or anticholinergic nasal sprays.
Identifying and avoiding allergens can help prevent allergies. Wear a protective mask; stay indoors when pollen count is high; use a humidifier indoors and find ways to improve your immune system. Nasal irrigation with saline water also helps get rid of allergens.
At PharmacyOutlet, you can come across a broad range of allergy medications, which are safe, effective and clinically proven. To be on the safer side, it is always recommended to use any kind of allergy medicines after talking to a general practitioner.