Causes, Symptoms & Treatment of Haemorrhoids

Haemorrhoids or piles are clump or mass-like tissues in the anal canal. The lumpy mass is full of blood vessels, tissues, elastic fibres and muscles. They are an unpleasant inflammation of veins present in anal canal. Usually, in initial stages, people are asymptomatic. As the inflammation increases, the piles protrude and the symptoms are experienced. Let us learn about the causes, symptoms and treatment of haemorrhoids.

Causes
The blood vessels around the anal canal and rectum are stretched due to constant pressure during defecation. Inflammation of veins can develop pressure near anal region and this can be due to –

  • Long-standing constipation
  • Chronic diarrhoea
  • Lifting heavy objects
  • Pregnancy
  • Straining hard to pass stools

Symptoms
In many cases, people are asymptomatic. However, severe inflammation can lead to symptoms such as –

  • Painful, hard lumpy mass around anal opening
  • Unsatisfactory stools
  • Itching and burning around anal region
  • Bright red blood after defecation
  • Mucus discharge
  • Sore and red anus

Treatment
Haemorrhoids & Piles treatment can help reduce the pain and discomfort. Generally, doctors recommend lifestyle changes to overcome this anal condition. You need to eat foods rich in fibre and drink plenty of water. If you are obese, you need to lose weight by exercising and eating healthy. Do not strain while defecating.

Medical treatment includes OTC medicines, creams, ointments, pads, corticosteroids and painkillers. The whole idea is to reduce pain and discomfort. It is imperative to remember that they do not cure haemorrhoids. In severe cases, surgical intervention is advised.

Piles can be prevented by following healthy lifestyle, such as eating right, exercising and avoiding smoking and alcohol. The recurrence rate of haemorrhoids becomes high if you do not maintain a healthy lifestyle. PharmacyOutlet deals in oral and medicines useful in Haemorrhoids & Piles treatment. It is essential to consult doctor before using any topical or oral medicines.

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