Fungal Nail Treatment

Fungal infection of nail(s) is a common condition that is characterized by the appearance of yellow or white spot under the tip of the fingernail or toenail. As the infection progresses, the symptoms aggravate, the nail fungus may discolor your nail, causing thickening and crumbling at the edge. Nail fungus is also known as Onychomycosis or Tinea Unguium.

If the condition is mild and the symptoms do not bother you, you need not require any specific treatment. However, severe thickening of nails with pain need appropriate treatment with medications and self-care. The recurrence rate of nail fungus is quite high. Even after successful treatment, the infection comes back.

Signs and Symptoms

The nails are –

  • Thickened and crumbled
  • Brittle with ragged edges
  • Distorted in shape
  • Dull
  • Darkening under nail bed (debris build-up)
  • Foul odor due to infection

Fungal Nail Treatment

With proper self-care at home, you can prevent the infection. If they don’t work, your doctor may prescribe you oral prescription medicines or other procedures to get rid of the nail fungus.

Medicines

  • Antifungal drugs – Oral antifungal drugs are effective in treating nail fungus, which include Terbinafine and Itraconazole. These drugs help reduce the infection. You may need to take the medicine for nearly six to 12 weeks and it may take up to four months or more to notice improvement. Along with oral drugs, your doctor may prescribe you topical antifungal creams or ointments.
  • Medicated nail polish – An antifungal nail polish is useful in reducing the infection. Ask you medical advisor how to use medicated nail polish.

Others

  • Surgical removal of nail – In advanced cases, your doctor may advise surgical removal of nail. A new nail will grow, but it will take a long time to grow completely.
  • Laser therapy – Carbon-dioxide laser therapy along with antifungal cream is beneficial in treating nail fungus.

You can acquire effective medications for fungal nail treatment through PharmacyOutlet. Make sure you have a word with your medical advisor before using any medicine.

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Dry, Cracked Heel Treatment

Do you know that your skin of the feet doesn’t contain oil glands like the skin on the body. The skin of the feet relies on thousands of sweat glands to keep hydrated or moisturised. You need extra care when it comes to moisturise your skin of the feet. Many people experience dry and cracked feet due to various reasons.

Dryness is an indication that your feet are not properly moisturised. It is commonly seen in people who have conditions – like diabetes, athlete’s foot, etc. Anybody can have dry or cracked feet, but it is commonly seen in aforementioned subjects. Other potential causes are excessive hot water baths, cold climate, spending more time in the sun, ageing and certain skin conditions. You may experience mild to moderate to severe dry feet, which can lead to additional problems in near future.

The symptoms of dry feet are –

  • Rough and flaky skin
  • Peeling of skin
  • Itching and redness
  • Rash
  • Aggravation in winter

Your skin can become dry due to number reasons but there are effective ways to prevent it. You should keep your feet moisturised with a superior quality moisturiser. You should avoid scratching or rubbing of the feet.

Dry and Cracked Feet Treatment

It is essential to treat the underlying cause in order to treat dry or cracked feet. Many people have dry feet skin naturally and they should apply moisturiser on a regular basis. Therapeutic creams, ointments and oils are often advised to overcome dry or cracked feet. Lotions containing alcohol are not recommended, as they can cause more dryness. If you have dry or cracked feet –

  • Use mild moisturising soap
  • Apply therapeutic cream or ointment to the feet after bathing
  • Drink plenty of water to stay hydrated

Essential oils and pumic stones should be used under the supervision of your doctor. Treating underlying condition is important to stay away from dry or cracked feet. For instance, diabetics are vulnerable to foot issues, so they should control their blood sugar levels to prevent dryness or any foot problems. Take care of your feet!

Treatment Of Corns and Calluses

Corns and calluses are common foot issues characterized by the hard or thickened areas of the skin present on the feet, which can be painful. They develop when there is an extra pressure or friction on the skin. The most common cause of corns and calluses is wearing ill-fitting or tight shoes. A podiatrist is the right person to diagnose corns and calluses. He/she might recommend you shoe insoles or padding to avert recurrences.

A corn is a small, thickened area of the skin on the feet caused by excessive pressure. It is round in shape and can press into the deeper tissues of the skin, which is quite painful. Corns can be soft or hard. A soft corn is formed in between the toes. A soft corn can lead to infection, as it forms between the toes where the sweat is secreted more. A hard corn is usually seen on the outer side of the little toe or on the top of smaller toes, the area where ill-fitted shoes cause friction.

A callus is kind of corn that is larger and broader. It is more lumpy and occurs on the joints of the toes. Extra friction or pressure can aggravate the condition. In addition, excessive running or walking, without proper foot or sole support, can give rise to corns and calluses.

Corns and Calluses Treatment

If you notice a corn or callus, it is important to visit your general practitioner or podiatrist, who can diagnose and recommend appropriate treatment. You should never cut a corn of callus on your own, especially if you are diabetic or elder. Corn and callus plasters help reduce the friction and pressure; however, they will not cure the condition. Treatment options often include –

  • Trimming or paring down – Your doctor may trim down a corn or callus with the help of sterile scalpel blade and dress the wound
  • Chemicals – One of the most commonly used chemicals is Salicylic acid, which is a keratolytic agent that reduces the thickened skin
  • Proper footwear – Using appropriate footwear helps reduce pressure and friction, ask your doctor for proper footwear or shoes
  • Footpads or insoles – They provide extra protection to your feet, thereby preventing the recurrence

At PharmacyOutlet, you can acquire a wide range of medical products that are useful in treating corns and calluses.

Bunions & Blisters: Soothe Them Fast!

At this period of time, many people attend holiday parties or plan a trip. This means they have to be on their feet for longer duration. They stand, dance, walk and wear stiff shoes or high heels. These things can give rise to pain and discomfort in the foot, which often leads to bunions and blisters.

If your feet sweat profusely and your shoes rub against your heels or soles, you are more likely to develop a blister. On the other hand, if you wear tight shoes, the pressure created on your feet can give rise to bunions. Let us learn about bunions & blisters and their treatment.

Bunions

Bunions are like blisters in initial stages. They are caused by constant pressure and stress on the bony area of heel due to tight or ill-fitting shoes. A bunion appears like a bony bump at the base of heel and/or toe. The development of bunions means that there is an extra pressure and friction against the forefoot bones.

Bunions are easily treatable and with effective tips, you can prevent the recurrence. Wearing roomy shoes, using supportive insoles, applying bunion pads, rubbing pain-relieving creams, using toe separators and taking podiatrist care would help heal a bunion effectively. Very rarely bunions need surgical intervention.

Blisters

Blisters usually develop from a combination of pressure, friction, motion and heat. Frequent friction or rubbing of the shoe against the skin causes fluid build-up in that particular area, which creates a buffer; this forms a blister. When blister opens up, you feel real pain because it touches directly to your shoe. Tight shoes can create more pressure, aggravating the condition.

How to treat blisters? Firstly, avoid wearing toe-tight shoes. Apply medicated Band-Aid; it is the instant fixer of a blister. Do not try to cut or pop a blister – this can cause infection. If it opens up, wrap a medicated Band-Aid firmly without draining. You can use supportive insoles to prevent the formation of blister.

The best way to prevent and treat bunions and blisters is to make sure you wear a comfortable footwear with protective insoles.

Verrucas and Warts

Warts are small cauliflower-like growths that are often seen on the skin of the face, neck, hands and feet. They may appear and develop solely or in clusters. Some of them are likely to develop on particular areas. For instance, verrucas are a type of warts that develop on the soles of the feet. Many people have warts. They are benign or non-cancerous, but their structure resembles certain cancers.

Causes

Verrucas and warts are viral skin infections. They are caused by human papilloma virus (HPV). HPV produces and develops excess amount of keratin (a hard protein) in the epidermis, the top layer of the skin. That extra kertain is what produces the hard texture of a wart.

Symptoms

Warts are usually painless, but few types like verrucas are painful. Sometimes they even itch and bleed. Common warts have typical appearance, shape and size. They may be –

  • Oval or round
  • Firm and raised
  • Irregular and rough surface resembling a cauliflower
  • Develop on face, back of neck, fingers and knees

On the other hand, verrucas develop on the soles of the feet with characteristics of painful white or black dot in the centre, flat and raised eruption.

Warts are not so contiguous, but they can spread through close skin-to-skin contact. You are more susceptible if your skin is damaged or wet. After infection, it takes around weeks or months to develop a wart or verruca. If you notice warts or verrucas with bleeding and change in appearance, then immediately visit your GP.

Treatment

Warts are harmless and go away without any specific treatment. It may take up to a year or two for the virus to leave your system and warts to fade away. However, painful warts and verrucas causing discomfort need treatment that includes:

  • Salicylic Acid
  • Cryotherapy
  • Chemical treatments
  • Duct Tape

Verrucas and Warts treatment is not always effective, as they often recur after treatment. Surgical intervention is not recommended for these skin issues.

Know About Athlete’s Foot

Athlete’s foot, also known as Tinea Pedis, is a fungal infection of the skin on the feet. It can spread to the adjacent skin, toenails and even the hands. This fungal infection is called athlete’s foot as it is popularly seen in athletes. The condition is not serious, but sometimes it takes time to achieve cure. It is more miserable in people with weak immune system or diabetes. In such cases, you need to seek medical help right away.

The fungus called tinea grows on the feet, which invades the skin through direct contact with an already infected person. The fungus thrives in moist and warm environments, such as swimming pools, showers and locker room floors.

Risk Factors

  • Keeping feet wet for longer duration
  • Continuous sweating of the feet
  • Nair injury on the foot
  • Wearing tight shoes
  • Sharing socks, shoes or towels with already infected person
  • Going in public places barefoot

Signs and Symptoms

  • Burning, stinging and itching of toes
  • Burning, stinging and itching on the soles
  • Itchy blister on the feet
  • Cracking with peeling of the skin
  • Crumbly and thick toenails
  • Loose toenails

Treatment

Athlete’s foot is often treated with effective over-the-counter antifungal medicines in the form of creams or ointments. If topical antifungal treatment fails, your physician may prescribe strong oral antifungal medicines. In addition, your physician may recommend home care remedies to eradicate the infection, such as soaking the feet in saline water to help health the blisters or applying tea tree oil to the lesion. Ask your doctor if you want to use tea tree oil, because in some cases, it causes dermatitis.

At PharmacyOutlet, you can acquire antifungal creams, powders and liquid solutions to get rid of athlete’s foot effectively. Talk to your doctor before using any topical applications for Tinea Pedis.

Anti-Bacterial Skin Care

There are few skin issues that are caused by bacterial infestation. The most common bacteria causing skin infections are Staphylococcus and Streptococcus. Usually, these bacteria are present on the surface of the skin, causing no harm. However, if they invade the skin tissue through crack, ulcer or wound, they cause infectious skin conditions, which need anti-bacterial skin care in the form of antimicrobial treatment.

Common bacterial skin infections include –

Boils – Deep skin infections that are red, tender, firm and painful

Impetigo – Usually seen in school going children, characterised by the large blisters with yellow and crusted appearance, especially on the face

Cellulitis – Commonly seen on legs, but can occur in any part of the body

Folliculitis – Bacterial infection of hair follicles

Anti-bacterial skin care, including oral or topical antibiotics, plays an important role in reducing the abovementioned bacterial skin infections. They are quite effective in eradicating these infections, provided taken with utmost care and caution. They destroy or kill the bacteria in order to promote healing.

The excessive preference for antibiotic creams, lotions, emollients, etc. has lead to the invention of many antibacterial skin care products. They are specifically designed to improve personal hygiene by controlling the growth or killing the pathogenic bacteria. Anti-bacterial skin care products are available in different forms such as deodorants, antiperspirants, soaps, lotions, hand-sanitizers and many more.

Are they safe in use?

All the anti-bacterial skin care products are assessed and approved by the drug regulatory bodies such as the FDA and WHO. Hence, they are quite safe in use. However, it is important to seek medical help before using any kind of topical application. That is because few people may have the history of sensitivity to certain antibiotics. More importantly, make sure you check the expiry date of the topical antibiotic before usage.

Anti-bacterial skin care is useful in preventing as well as treating various skin infections that are strongly suspected to be caused by pathogenic bacteria.