Upset Stomach Causes, Symptoms & Treatments

Upset stomach, also known as dyspepsia or indigestion, is a term used to describe pain or discomfort in the upper region of the abdomen. It is not a disease but a group of symptoms that include nausea, burping and bloating. Upset stomach is often caused by excessive secretion of stomach acid. The acid irritates and inflames the protective stomach lining, which trigger indigestion symptoms.


Upset stomach is related to lifestyle and diet. It can also be caused by certain digestive conditions and infection. Binge eating, overeating, eating spicy and fatty foods, consuming too much of alcohol and caffeinated beverages or fizzy drinks, and smoking can cause upset stomach. Digestive disorders like gallstones, oesophagitis, obesity, pancreatitis, peptic ulcers and gastric infection are responsible for causing dyspepsia.


Many people with upset stomach experience pain and discomfort in the chest and stomach area. Pain aggravates soon after eating or drinking. Following are the symptoms of indigestion –

  • Nausea
  • Belching
  • Abdominal bloating
  • Regurgitation
  • Burning sensation


Treatment of upset stomach usually deepens on the cause and severity of the symptoms. Diet and lifestyle changes can help ease the symptoms, such as eating healthy foods and avoiding smoking, alcohol and caffeinated beverages. Medications helpful in treating upset stomach are –

  • Antacids – OTC medicines that supress acid secretion in order to relieve upset stomach
  • H2-receptor antagonist – Ranitidine is a common medicine used for treating indigestion
  • Proton Pump Inhibitors – There are few and Pantaprazole is one of the commonly prescribed medicines
  • Antibiotics – Prescribed when gastric infection is suspected to be caused by Helicobacter Pylori

If your symptoms of upset stomach persist even after using any of the abovementioned medicines, it is essential to visit your doctor to identify and correct the underlying cause. Through PharmacyOutlet, you can acquire medicines for upset stomach treatment. Make sure you consult doctor before using any medication.


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